Turning Left, Right and Emerge

The core building block for all driving is the routine Mirror Signal Manoeuvre and we break it down a little further to give more detail to focus the learner driver when it comes to their driving. So when turning Left or right or when they are coming to the end of the road and are looking to emerge the learner driver uses the routine Mirror Signal Position Speed Look.  We can also use the same routine when approaching roundabouts and traffic lights.

Turning Left (Major to minor)

So in our first example we will be on a main road and turning off to the left into a side road.

Mirror – check the breaking mirror (rear view mirror) to see what’s behind and how the breaking may affect the Vehicle behind.  So if the vehicle is too close to you, you would need to start breaking further out from the turn than you would normally so they have more time to react to your breaking.  You then check the left mirror to make sure that it’s clear down your left side.

Signal – so you have checked what’s going on behind you so now it’s time to inform other road users what you are going to do.  We need to push the directional indicator down and that activates the left signal.

Position – your position for turning left should not change, your normal driving position is approximately 1 metre from the curb and when you turn left you should follow that bend keeping the same distance.  Which is why slowing down is so important.

Speed – as a rule of thumb, start by at least halving your speed (you should be even slower by the time you get to the turn).  Then change your gear down to the one you need, which should be normally second gear. Bring your clutch back up and keep breaking so you have time to look correctly at your turning.

Look – the car must be slow enough that as you get closer to the junction you have time to look and see what’s happening and process the information that your seeing and take action.  The routine is called LADA which stands for ‘Look Assess Decide and Act’. This is why slowing right down is so important, as you get to turn if there is a car coming out of the road you should be able to stop the car quickly and safely because your already slow.

Once your in your new road gently pick up your speed and check your rearview mirror so you know who is behind you if any.

Turning Right (Major to Minor)

So in this example we will be turning off the main road into a side road on your right.

Mirror – check the breaking mirror (rear view mirror) to see what’s behind and how the breaking may affect the Vehicle behind.  So if the vehicle is too close to you, you would need to start breaking further out from the turn than you would normally so they have more time to react to your breaking.  You then check the right mirror to make sure that it’s clear down your right side.

Signal – so you have checked what’s going on behind you so now it’s time to inform other road users what you are going to do.  We need to push the directional indicator up and that activates the right signal.

Position – your position for turning right changes from your normal driving position is approximately 1 metre from the curb to as close to the centre line as is safe to do.  What does this mean? If your in a wide road and there are no parked cars on the right side, you can come as close to the centre line as is safe. You must never affect the traffic coming towards you, but if there is enough space you should have moved over far enough that cars behind you can under take you safely.

Speed – as a rule of thumb, start by at least halving your speed (you should be even slower by the time you get to the turn).  Then change your gear down to the one you need, which should be normally second gear, first gear if its a narrow road or a closed junction. Bring your clutch back up and keep breaking so you have time to look correctly at your turning.

Look – the car must be slow enough that as you get closer to the junction you have time to look and see what’s happening and process the information that your seeing and take action.  The routine is called LADA which stands for ‘Look Assess Decide and Act’. This is why slowing right down is so important, as you get to turn if there is a car coming out of the road you should be able to stop the car quickly and safely because your already slow.

Emerge turning Right

Emerge turning right

Emerge turning right

Mirror – check the breaking mirror (rear view mirror) to see what’s behind and how the breaking may affect the Vehicle behind.  So if the vehicle is too close to you, you would need to start breaking further out from the end of the road than you would normally so they have more time to react to your breaking.  You then check the right mirror to make sure that it’s clear down your right side.

Signal – so you have checked what’s going on behind you so now it’s time to inform other road users what you are going to do.  We need to push the directional indicator up and that activates the right signal.

Position – your position for turning right changes from your normal driving position is to as close to the centre line as is safe to do.  What does this mean? If your in a wide road and there are no parked cars on the right side, you can come as close to the centre line as is safe.  If there is enough space you should have moved over far enough that cars behind you can turn left while your waiting to turn right.

Speed – as a rule of thumb, start by at least halving your speed (you should be even slower by the time you get to the end of the road).  Then change your gear down to the one you need, which should be normally second gear, first gear if its a narrow road or a closed junction. Bring your clutch back up and keep breaking so you have time to look correctly at your turning. If it is closed then to be safe you must stop and have a good look.

Look – the car must be slow enough that as you get closer to the junction you have time to look and see what’s happening and process the information that your seeing and take action.  The routine is called LADA which stands for ‘Look Assess Decide and Act’. This is why slowing right down is so important, as you get to the end of the road. Your asking yourself is it an open or closed junction? If it is open then you would, ‘look left, look right, look left again and if safe move out’. This is the minimum that you should look not the maximum. If it is a closed junction then you would slow the car right down (almost stopped) to do your observations, your always planning on stopping when you approach a closed junction, because that’s the safe thing to be doing.

Your Steering when turning right is to keep the wheel straight as you move out from your give way or stop line. Then only turn when you get to your side of the road.  This is important as you do not want to stay on the wrong side of the road any longer than you have to.

Emerge turning Left

Emerge Turn left

Emerge Turn left

Mirror – check the breaking mirror (rear view mirror) to see what’s behind and how the breaking may affect the Vehicle behind.  So if the vehicle is to close to you, you would need to start breaking further out from the end of the road than you would normally so they have more time to react to your breaking.  You then check the left mirror to make sure that it’s clear down your left side.

Signal – so you have checked what’s going on behind you so now it’s time to inform other road users what you are going to do.  We need to push the directional indicator down and that activates the left signal.

Position – your position for turning left does not change from your normal driving position which is approximately 1 metre from the curb and when you turn left you should follow that bend keeping the same distance.  Which is why slowing down is so important.

Speed – as a rule of thumb, start by at least halving your speed (you should be even slower by the time you get to the end of the road).  Then change your gear down to the one you need, which should be normally second gear, first gear if its a narrow road or a closed junction. Bring your clutch back up and keep breaking so you have time to look correctly at your turning. If it is closed then to be safe you must stop and have a good look.

Look – the car must be slow enough that as you get closer to the junction you have time to look and see what’s happening and process the information that your seeing and take action.  The routine is called LADA which stands for ‘Look Assess Decide and Act’. This is why slowing right down is so important, as you get to the end of the road. Your asking yourself is it an open or closed junction? If it is open then you would, ‘look right, look left, look right again and if safe move out’. This is the minimum that you should look not the maximum. If it is a closed junction then you would slow the car right down (almost stopped) to do your observations, your always planning on stopping when you approach a closed junction, because that’s the safe thing to be doing.

Your Steering when turning left is to keep the car parallel with the curb so as it starts to bend round then you steer round.  This is very important as it helps to keep you on your side of the road as you emerge onto your new road.